Officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, as is the case with several New England states, the State of Massachusetts is the 6th smallest state in the United States. The site of one of the earliest European colonies in North America, Massachusetts has changed in territorial size several times over its history and played a prominent political role in the formation of the United States.
Massachusetts’ economy has transitioned from agriculture and fishing to tourism and trade. Technology development of various types has become prominent in recent decades. The state overall is a popular tourist destination with cities like Boston and Plymouth drawing many visitors.
Massachusetts is densely populated with the largest concentrations on the east coast. Smaller population concentrations can be found along the southern state line near Springfield and in the west around Pittsfield.